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J Audiol Otol > Epub ahead of print
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7874/jao.2018.00381    [Epub ahead of print] Published online March 13, 2019.
The Influence of Feedback in the Simulated Patient Case-History Training among Audiology Students at the International Islamic University Malaysia
Ahmad Aidil Arafat Dzulkarnain, Maryam Kamilah Ahmad Sani, Sarah Rahmat, Masnira Jusoh
Department of Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology, Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia, Pahang, Malaysia
Correspondence  Ahmad Aidil Arafat Dzulkarnain ,Tel: +60-95705402, Fax: +60-95716776, Email: a.aidil@gmail.com
Submitted: July 27, 2018  Accepted after revision: November 2, 2018
Abstract
Background and Objectives
There is scant evidence on the use of simulations in audiology (especially in Malaysia) for case-history taking, although this technique is widely used in training medicine and nursing students. Feedback is one of the important components in simulations training; however, it is unknown if feedback by instructors could influence the simulated patient (SP) training outcome for case-history taking among audiology students. The aim of the present study is to determine whether the SP training with feedback in addition to the standard role-play and seminar training is an effective learning tool for audiology case-history taking.
Subjects and Methods
Twenty-six, second-year undergraduate audiology students participated. A cross-over study design was used. All students initially attended two hours of seminar and role-play sessions. The students were then divided into three types of training, 1) SP training (Group A), 2) SP with feedback (Group B), and 3) a non-additional training group (Group C). After two training sessions, the students changed their types of training to, 1) Group A and C: SP training with feedback, and 2) Group B: non-additional training. All the groups were assessed at three points: 1) pre-test, 2) intermediate, and 3) post-test. The normalized median score differences between and within the respective groups were analysed using non-parametric tests at 95% confidence intervals.
Results
Groups with additional SP trainings (with and without feedback) showed a significantly higher normalized gain score than no training group (p<0.05).
Conclusions
SP training (with/without feedback) is a beneficial learning tool for history taking for students in audiology major.
Keywords: Medical education ∙ Hearing ∙ Feedback ∙ Audiology
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